The part of the Rhine between Bingen and Bonn in Germany is called the “Middle Rhine”. It flows through a steep, narrow valley. Many people find this Rhine landscape with castles perched on rocks overlooking the river very romantic. The “Upper Middle Rhine Valley” between Bingen and Koblenz is in fact a world heritage site. This means that it is a unique area in the world, and so requires special protection.
The Rhine flows past the Loreley rock near St. Goarshausen. The river makes a sharp turn here, and the passage is narrow and deep. The current is strong here, and many boats have come to grief in the past. Legend has it that this happened not because the place is dangerous but because of a beautiful woman who used to sing on top of the rock. She is said to have distracted sailors so that they sailed onto the cliffs or even jumped in the water and drowned.
The island of Niederwerth near Koblenz is the largest inhabited island in the Rhine.